: 14 2010 . : 17 2016
Image of the civil servant
In Strategy of development of Kazakhstan till 2030 one of long-term priorities was designated the creation of the professional state. Realization of tasks in creation the highly professional public service and effective structure of management in many respects is reflected by professionalism of the civil servant. The President of Kazakhstan N.Nazarbaev has allocated the basic qualities, which the civil servant should possess effectively to operate the country. It is high moral responsibility, professional knowledge, ability to acquire it into practice, honesty, conscientiousness, active vital position. Each person being on the public service should be aware of all importance of the work and simply be the patriot of the country.
One of important issues is formation of a positive image of the civil servant of the Republic of Kazakhstan. The formation and strengthening of a positive image of the civil servant of the Republic of Kazakhstan is one of prior directions in development of the state system.
The process of the formation of a positive image of the civil servant is closely connected with image policy of the executive power. The substantive provisions shown to the positive image of the civil servant were defined in the Code of honour of civil servants of the Republic of Kazakhstan in which it was marked: «public service execution is expression of special trust of society and a state and it demands high morals to morally-ethical image of civil servants». The state purposefully works in this direction. The acknowledgement is governmental order of the Republic of Kazakhstan on September, 24th, 2007 year 830 "About the statement of the Plan of measures on formation and strengthening of the positive image of public service for 2008-2010".
From the speech of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan N.Nazarbayev
at the Anti-Corruption Forum NDP "Nur Otan"
A public servant must be guided by the following ethical standards:
1. He should be able to dispose of the power and authority and still be honest.
2. In the public service it necessary to work for the benefit of the state, but not for his own well-being, not to confuse the public funds with his own pocket.
3. The official must live without fear of the question " What do you live?", as there should be no reason for the appearance of images of his villas, high fences around them, and expensive foreign cars.
4. It is important to live in harmony with the requirements of the laws.
5. It is necessary for any position, in any capacity to work so that under any circumstances do not lose the confidence of the people, the citizens of their country.
6. Kazakh state official should be an example of justice, humility, and be able to behave among people.
7. Before manage a team, he must himself learn to obey, to be able to perform that requires its employees.
8. It is necessary to intervene immediately and take action if you see that harmed the interests of the State or preparing an act of corruption.
The term civil service has two distinct meanings:
- A branch of governmental service in which individuals are employed on the basis of professional merit as proven by competitive examinations.
- The body of employees in any government agency other than the military.
A civil servant or public servant is a civilian public sector employee working for a government department or agency. The term explicitly excludes the armed services, although civilian officials will work at "Defence Ministry" headquarters. The term always includes the (sovereign) state\'s employees; whether regional, or sub-state, or even municipal employees are called "civil servants" varies from country to country. In the United Kingdom, for instance, only Crown employees are civil servants, county or city employees are not.
Many consider the study of civil service to be a part of the field of public administration. Workers in "non-departmental public bodies" (sometimes called "QUANGOs") may also be classed as civil servants for the purpose of statistics and possibly for their terms and conditions. Collectively a state\'s civil servants form its Civil Service or Public Service.
No state of any extent can be ruled without a bureaucracy, but organizations of any size have been few until the modern era. Administrative institutions usually grow out of the personal servants of high officials, as in the Roman Empire. This developed a complex administrative structure, which is outlined in the Notitia Dignitatum and the work of John Lydus, but as far as we know appointments to it were made entirely by inheritance or patronage and not on merit, and it was also possible for officers to employ other people to carry out their official tasks but continue to draw their salary themselves. There are obvious parallels here with the early bureaucratic structures in modern states, such as the Office of Works or the Navy in 18th century England, where again appointments depended on patronage and were often bought and sold.
An international civil servant or international staff member is a civilian employee that is nominated by an international organisation. These international civil servants do not resort under any national legislation (from which they have immunity of jurisdiction) but are governed by an internal staff regulation. All disputes related to international civil service are brought before special tribunals created by these international organisations such as, for instance, the Administrative Tribunal of the ILO.
Specific referral can be made to the International Civil Service Commission (ICSC) of the UN, an independent expert body established by the United Nations General Assembly. Its mandate is to regulate and coordinate the conditions of service of staff in the United Nations common system, while promoting and maintaining high standards in the international civil service.